More Furniture Styles Whether you collect porcelain or pottery, here are some tips to get you started. When looking at ceramics, the first thing to do is determine if the item is pottery or porcelain. The easiest way to tell pottery from porcelain is to hold the object up to a strong light source i. There are two basic types of porcelain, soft-paste and hard-paste. Soft paste porcelain is oftentimes somewhat “malformed” or misshapen and with the paste having imperfections i. The body will be grayish or off-white in color when compared to white hardpaste porcelain. Most ceramic items but not all have a maker’s mark, so always check for a maker’s mark. These marks are usually located on the bottom there are exceptions to this rule:
Chinese ceramics Porcelain originated in China, and it took a long time to reach the modern material. Until recent times, almost all East Asian porcelain was of the hard-paste type. There is no precise date to separate the production of proto-porcelain from that of porcelain.
For the better part of fifteen hundred years, the Chinese civilization has given birth to developments in navigation, spiritual balance, mathematics and natural prevention and diagnosis. Since it was this culture that was responsible for the invention and the discovery of such things as porcelain, paper, fishing reels, church bells, rudders, solar wind, the circulation of blood in the human body, the suspension bridge, the technique for drilling for natural gas, the iron plough, the seed drill, the mechanical clock, the seismograph, planting and hoeing techniques and the compass.
When the Italian merchant Marco Polo visited China during the Song Dynasty in , he found a place far more technologically advanced than anywhere in Western Europe. Here are just a few and far-reaching contributions of the Chinese: Abacus The Chinese developed the abacus, a counting device, around AD. The instrument consisted of a rectangular wooden frame with parallel rods.
In ceramic art , the term “Porcelain” derived from the Italian word “porcellana”, meaning a type of translucent shell describes any ceramic ware that is white and translucent, no matter what ingredients it contains or what it is made for. It is however fired at a higher temperature than regular earthenware. In Chinese pottery , the porcelain clay body is typically heated in a kiln to between 1, and 1, degrees Celsius.
These temperatures cause the formation of glass, and other chemical compounds, which in turn gives the porcelain its toughness, strength, and translucence.
To arrive at a stylistic chronology in the rendering of facial features of people in porcelain decorations, the author has collected and categorized more than faces of men, women and children in Chinese porcelain decorations, dating from the 16th century until the present day.
A seafarers tale – an archaeological elucidation of a shipwreck By Sten Sjostrand Dreary weather and intermittent rain has led to a dramatic drop in temperature over the last few days and then, just as the rain finally stopped, a cold wind began to blow from the north. It whipped up high waves and enormous swells that broke repeatedly against the side of the ship giving the deck, and everyone on it, a good showering.
It was unbearably cold, wet and miserable. Captain Heng Tai dexterously managed to avoid getting any salt water in his face as he crouched and turned with every hit. He was an experienced captain who had sailed this route many times before, but never so late in the season. The best time for the voyage was December when the northeast monsoon winds guaranteed a fair and safe passage all the way down the South China Sea.
But now, late in February, the winds were forceful, occasionally violent and sometimes frightening. The swell generated by these waves was higher than any Heng Tai could remember.
What Chinese marks are good for An exception are marks bearing a date of the cyclical year calendar, but these were very few. Thus, reign marks also cannot be relied on for dating.
Chinese Pottery Marks Identification | Chinese Porcelain Ming Reign Marks. Find this Pin and more on Information for study of Asian Pottery by Nancy Moen. fake reign mark – blue and white authentication porcelain signature marks m Dating bunnykins plates Vincennes & Sevres marks See more.
Blue and white porcelain jar with pine and bamboo designs was made in , Joseon dynasty, Korea. Dongguk University Museum, Seoul. Blue and white porcelain jar with plum and bamboo design. During the Joseon dynasty, — ceramic wares were considered to represent the highest quality of achievement from royal, city, and provincial kilns, the last of which were export-driven wares. Joseon enjoyed a long period of growth in royal and provincial kilns, and much work of the highest quality still preserved.
Wares evolved along Chinese lines in terms of colour, shape, and technique. Celadon, white porcelain , and storage pottery were similar, but with certain variations in glazes, incision designs, florality, and weight. The Ming influence in blue and white wares using cobalt -blue glazes existed, but without the pthalo blue range, and the three-dimensional glassine colour depth of Ming Dynasty Chinese works. Simplified designs emerged early on. Buddhist designs still prevailed in celadon wares: The form most often seen was that of pear-shaped bottles.
Notable were thinner glazes, and colourless glazes for buncheong or stoneware.
D Medium teapot of reasonable good quality. The overall appearance and color is nice. There is a little side clearance in the lid and a short, now mended, hairline near the handle. The tip of the spout is restored.
When looking at ceramics, the first thing to do is determine if the item is pottery or porcelain. The easiest way to tell pottery from porcelain is to hold the object up to a strong light source (i.e. watt light bulb); if you see “light” coming through the object then it is made .
History as a Respectable Business Move on to stories with Chinese porcelain. If the silk had to play”, the porcelain case relatively simply and transparently official version creates the impression that before dating with China in 16 century, Europeans didn’t know and do porcelain couldn’t this misinformation is easily refuted, unbiased enough to familiarize themselves with any qualified written description of the history of European ceramics: This fact highlights the porcelain and silk among the mass of other”ancient Chinese inventions, which mostly surfaced in the second half of the 20 century Chinese silk in Europe were interested in not earlier than 18 century legend of Chinese origin of silk approved barely earlier 19 century the Chinese invention of.
Confidently assert that porcelain Chinese invented in unthinkable antiquity and for Millennium art in manufacturing reached a large porcelain tableware, figurines and other household and decorative items. In the 16 century Chinese porcelain was highly impressed the imagination of Europe, has become a matter of luxury and aristocratic prestige. Europeans have tried, but could not solve the mystery of Chinese porcelain.
Technical developments[ edit ] In the context of Chinese ceramics, the term porcelain lacks a universally accepted definition see above. This in turn has led to confusion about when the first Chinese porcelain was made. Kiln technology has always been a key factor in the development of Chinese pottery. These were updraft kilns, often built below ground.
Simply said, the large majority of Chinese marks do not allow the dating of ceramics based on the mark. Before the late Qing dynasty and early republic period porcelain from the Middle Kingdom had basically no factory and few manufacturer’s marks.
This piece looks Persian—and it is. This piece was clearly made in the 20th century. The bumpy feel on the base of this porcelain vase is called “orange peel” and is indicative of late 18th-century Chinese export porcelain. The blue on this glaze indicates it was made in Japan. We’ve all seen white and blue porcelain before—maybe while strolling around a Chinatown chatchka shop, a first-rate art museum, in Macy’s decorative wares department, or even at a neighborhood yard sale.
Called under-glazed blue-and-white porcelain, it has been made for a thousand years in China and for hundreds of years in other parts of the world, including Holland, England and the Middle East. Lark Mason offers his tips on collecting blue-and-white porcelain But can you teach yourself how to navigate such a vast field of porcelain with confidence that you aren’t making too many mistakes—or worse yet, getting duped? We asked that question of Lark Mason , an expert in Asian art at igavel.
I’ll put all those things together to place it to a particular culture, manufacturer, and a time in history. From that, I’m able to come up with whether an item is what it’s supposed to be and how much it’s worth. Shape It Up Lark says that one of the easiest ways to begin evaluating blue-and-white porcelain is to evaluate an object’s shape, which pins a piece to a particular place.
In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, spherical teapots were very popular in the West. If you find a spherical teapot that a seller claims has been made in, say, the late 16th century, be suspicious. Differentiate the Design The designs painted on a piece—whether it’s decorated with mythological scenes, or animals, landscapes, or abstract designs—can also tell you about the where and when of a particular porcelain piece.